Works Cited and Other Links

A Veterinarian's perspective on TNR, www.blog.aba.org/2013/03/open-mic-addressing-the-feral-cat-issue.html

animal law/cats - www.animallaw.info/articles/ovusferalcats.htm

Animal SOS Blog, establish new colonies, protect cats - www.animalsosfoundation.org/blog/blog/blog.aspx

Australia, Indigenous people try to save wildlife - http://www.nerpnorthern.edu.au/news/2014/bringing-back-native-mammals-arnhem-land

Australia, Threatened species commissioner appointed to help save native wildlife from feral cats -
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jul/02/threatened-species-commissioner-to-combat-decline-of-native-wildlife

AVMA 2014 position paper -https://www.avma.org/KB/Policies/Pages/Free-roaming-Abandoned-and-Feral-Cats.aspx

Awake: TENVAC Cat Sanctuary Program -  http://www.hahf.org/awake/

Information about TNR and the contradictions of claims by advocates - www.tnrrealitycheck.com/basicInfo.asp

Bird Killers, Rabies Carriers - www.birdingwire.com/features/227943

Bluffton (Hilton Head)  SC, 5/26/11 - Help wanted with Feral cats - http://www.blufftontoday.com/bluffton-news/2011-05-26/help-wanted-feral-cats#.U3ZUH6LDW7w

Bluffton SC, 4/21/14  - feral cats bad for business - http://www.wsav.com/story/25184146/bluffton-restaurant-owners-feral-cats-bad-for-business

Bluffton (Hilton Head) SC, 4/30/14 - Pepper's porch feral cats find new homes - http://www.islandpacket.com/2014/04/30/3087001/peppers-porch-feral-cats-find.html

Cat Bites Pose Little Known Danger - http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304675504579389012616148346?mod=e2fb

Time to keep cats Indoors (predation on rare birds) - http://www.dailyprogress.com/newsvirginian/opinion/guest_columnists/time-to-keep-cats-indoors/article_4081f418-d0c1-11e3-bb74-0017a43b2370.html

Cat birth control - www.zoovet.ee/product/docs/0383052592.pdf

Cat collars - www.m.phys.org/news/2014-01-cat-collars-big-benefits.html

Cats Abandoned by the dozens at feral colony - http://wtvr.com/2014/05/21/chesterfield-feral-cat-colony/

Cats saved under TNR take over South Miami streets - http://m.local10.com/news/cats-humanely-saved-taking-over-south-florida-streets/26280870

Cat holds elderly people hostage in their own home for two days - http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/486514/Cat-held-pensioners-hostage

Cats: the biggest threat to US wildlife - http://newsfeed.time.com/2013/01/31/the-biggest-threat-to-u-s-wildlife-cats/

Cats and property damage, a fight at city hall - http://www.wvgazette.com/article/20140616/GZ01/140619394/1101

Cats and Nuisance Behaviors - One Giant Litterbox - http://www.abqjournal.com/409480/news/residents-tire-of-yards-being-litter-boxes.html?pos=1-photo

Cats: residents want restraint law - http://weymouth.wickedlocal.com/article/20140617/NEWS/140616555

Cats: Residents complain about the destruction and health impact of roaming cats - http://www.toledoblade.com/Politics/2014/06/02/Sylvania-council-meeting

-a-scratching-post-for-feral-cat-issue.html

Cat predation on native wildlife: Australia, bringing back native mammals in Arnhem land, National Environmental Research Program - http://www.nerpnorthern.edu.au/news/2014/bringing-back-native-mammals-arnhem-land

Cat predation, 1916 publication:  bird killer, mouser and destroyer of wildlife - http://archive.org/stream/domesticcatbirdk00forb/domesticcatbirdk00forb_djvu.txt

Cat Restraint in Ann Arbor - www.annarbor.com/news/no-leash-for-felines-michigan-laws-unequal-for-cats-dogs/

cat should be restrained like dogs - http://weymouth.wickedlocal.com/article/20140617/NEWS/140616555

Cat Scratch Disease, Statistics, Symptoms - http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/bacterial_viral/cat_scratch.html

Cats Fend alone. Is it More Humane than Euthanasia? - www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/magazine/is-it-more-humane-to-kill-stray-cats-or-let-them-fend-alone/2014/02/06/472f9858-82a4-11e3-9dd4-e7278db80d86_story.html

Cats in Suburbia Decimating Gentle Catbirds - www.smithsonianscience.org/2011/03/alarming-number-of-fledgling-suburban-catbirds-fall-prey-to-domestic-cats-study-finds/

Cats in Riverdale, Ct. - http://news.hamlethub.com/riverdale/life/1183-cats-without-cops

Cat Colonies in Florida - www.wildlife.org/documents/policy/Feral.Cat.Colonies.Florida.Hatley.pdf

CAT FECES AND DISEASE, freshwater contamination - http://www.wildlifeextra.com/go/news/otter-toxoplasmosis.html#cr

Cat urine/feces/property damage, citizen complaints - http://www.southplattesentinel.com/2014/04/citizens-committee-discusses-cert-feral-cats-ambulance/

Cat Feces in Park - http://www.wellandtribune.ca/2014/03/11/port-park-a-cat-astrophe

Cat Feces a concern in Emmaeus, Pa - http://www.wfmz.com/news/news-regional-lehighvalley/emmaus-council-addresses-unresolved-feral-cat-problems/25372686

Cats Indoors - www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/cats/index.html

Cats Indoors - http://www.dailyprogress.com/newsvirginian/opinion/guest_columnists/time-to-keep-cats-indoors/article_4081f418-d0c1-11e3-bb74-0017a43b2370.html

Cats outdoor are serial killers in fur coats | Once I was part of the problem - http://www.tampabay.com/features/humaninterest/outdoor-cats-no-more-than-serial-killers-in-fur-coats/2177860

Cat Restraint in Colorado - www.library.municode.com/HTML/10331/level4/PTIICOOR_CH14AN_ARTIIDOCA_DIV3CA.html

Cat Shot 16 times with pellet gun,  www.windsorstar.com/news/Sarnia+police+join+hunt+person+shot+times+with+pellet/9475542/story.html

Cat Welfare, how we should treat our cats, Advance Research - http://www.unitec.ac.nz/advance/index.php/welfare-of-cats/

Cat Safety, treat cats like dogs - http://www.peta.org/features/tricia-helfer-talks-treating-cats-like-dogs/

Cats and The Grim Reaper - http://www.thedailytimes.com/community/outdoor-cat-the-grim-reaper/article_476ca9d1-9e71-5d6d-b80e-b16f9b31d080.html

Making sure feral cats can't reproduce does not end suffering - http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/20140429/making-sure-feral-cats-cant-reproduce-isnt-enough-stop-suffering

Cat Sanctuary instead of TNR proposed in Burns, Oregon - http://burnstimesherald.info/2014/05/14/save-a-stray-proposes-sanctuary-for-felines/

Cats Slaughtering birds and mammals - www.phys.org/news/2013-01-cats-billions-birds-mammals.html

Cats Suffer under TNR, www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/article/20140211/LIFE/302110033/Dr-Fox-Humane-stewardship-must-include-occasional-euthanasia?nclick_check=1

Cats Suffering from TNR - www.nyshumane.org/articles/problemsTNR.htm

Characteristics of free roam cats and caretakers- www.avma.org/News/Journals/Collections/Documents/javma_220_11_1627.pdf

Chicken Killing cats go unpunished, control cats like dogs - http://www.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/news/10029913/Chicken-killing

Citizen Reprisal Against TNR? Cat Killings in Hawaii - http://m.thegardenisland.com/news/local/reward-offered-in-cat-killings/article_0e8042d2-dcc7-11e3-a93f-001a4bcf887a.html?mode=jqm

City needs volunteers for feral cat program - www.ledger-enquirer.com/2013/11/07/2784631/city-needs-volunteers-for-feral.html

College stops TNR program, cat pops growing under TNR, www.greenfieldreporter.com/view/story/18a02906eaea47c38adec8038986df57/AZ--College-Feral-Cats

(Columbus) starts program to control feral cats 10/19/13 - www.ledger-enquirer.com/2013/10/19/2752010/city-starts-program-to-control.html

(Columbus) Grant May help feral cat program - www.ledger-enquirer.com/2013/06/02/2528601/ledger-inquirer-grant-may-help.html

(Columbus) Animal Control Euthanasia Rates Still Dropping - www.ledger-enquirer.com/2014/02/12/2948640/animal-controls-euthanasia-rate.html

Counting Spays/neuters, Not Cats- www.animalsheltering.org/resources/magazine/nov_dec_2006/counting_cats.pdf

Crazy Cat lady: 239 cats removed from home - http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/crazy-cat-lady-surrenders-police-article-1.1775158

Critical Assessment of  claims by TNR Advocates -www.urbanwildlands.org/Resources/2009LongcoreetalConBio.pdf

Dead cats found ‘shot in box’ - wtvr.com/2014/01/17/caretaker-finds-feral-cats-shot-behind-chesterfield-shopping-center/
Decapitated cat 6-20-11-Columbus WRBLTV-
www.wtvm.com/story/14943429/by-taylor-barnhill-
Eastport, Mi. Resists No Kill Faction - http://www.cityofeastpointe.net/index.asp?SEC=D255B2D9-B604-4C9F-8FFE-A391C0B88429&Type=B_PR

EBI costs at a North Carolina shelter - www.americanhumane.org/assets/pdfs/animals/adv-co-ebi-cost-analysis09.pdf

Ecological Impact of Cats -http://joomla.wildlife.org/documents/cats_ecological_impacts.pdf
Estimated Number of Birds Killed by House Cats in Canada-
www.ace-eco.org/vol8/iss2/art3/
Euthanasia: The Compassionate Option, PETA -
www.peta.org/issues/companion-animal-issues/companion-animals-factsheets/euthanasia-compassionate-option/

Euthanasia, TE vs TNR - http://twri.tamu.edu/media/256834/evaluation_of_euthanasia_and_trap_neuter_return__tnr__programs_in_managing_free-roaming_cat_populations.pdf

Euthanasia vs TNR - www.avma.org/News/Journals/Collections/Documents/javma_225_12_1871.pdf

Euthanasia , TE Vs TNR, cost -http://joomla.wildlife.org/documents/cats_tnr.pdf
Euthanasia vs TNR for removal of feral Cats in Hawaii - www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23009077   
Evaluation of feral cat management options - www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art10/
Everything about TNR in one place - www.TNRRealitycheck.com

Feral cats to be removed from national park, cat feeding and colonies prohibited - http://10000birds.com/great-news-feral-cats-to-be-removed-from-plumb-beach-brooklyn.htm

Feral cats hunt Australian mammals to extinction - http://phys.org/news/2014-06-feral-cats-extinction-unique-aussie.html#nRlv

Feral Cats impact on lizards in Greece - http://phys.org/news/2014-06-impact-feral-cats-lizards-greek.html

Feral cats have no place in Alaska - http://www.adn.com/2014/05/23/3483395/rick-sinnott-feral-cats-have-no.html?sp=/99/328/

Feral Cat attacks woman and two kids - http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2014/05/10/feral-cat-attacks-woman-2-kids-in-spring-hill/

Feral Cats Harrass Family - http://www.kob.com/article/stories/S3444106.shtml?cat=500#.U3yf1aI1Dwh

Feral cats in wildlife refuges, USFW trapping in S. Fla - http://thebluepaper.com/article/about-the-cat-indoors-program-and-trapping-free-roaming-cats-in-refuge-areas/

Feral cats wipe out wildlife in San Diego due to TNR - http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2014/apr/08/opera-cats-climate/

Feral cats an increasing nuisance, Albany - www.albanyherald.com/news/2014/jan/06/walt-specht-feral-cats-an-increasing-nuisance/

Feral cats and euthanasia, "Should feral cats be euthanized?" - http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2014/apr/05/environment-feral-cats-birds-wildlife-euthanasia/

Feral Cats and Health - http://missoulanews.bigskypress.com/missoula/meow-mess/Content?oid=1927420

Feral Cat Colonies, a three part series, San Angelo, Tx - http://www.gosanangelo.com/news/2010/apr/21/feral-cat-colonies-conflicting-stragegies/

Feral cat colonies could pose rabies risk, CDC says (Atlanta TV station) - www.11alive.com/news/local/story.aspx?storyid=303025

Feral cat colonies and disease, Missoula, MT - http://missoulanews.bigskypress.com/missoula/meow-mess/Content?oid=1927420

Feral Cats Bad for Business, Savannah area  Restaurant Owners - http://www.wsav.com/story/25184146/bluffton-restaurant-owners-feral-cats-bad-for-business

Feral Cats cause many problems - http://www.bendsource.com/bend/the-many-problems-caused-by-free-roaming-and-feral-cats/Content?oid=2321639

Feral cats, 60, disappear in Astoria, NY - http://blogs.villagevoice.com/runninscared/2014/04/mary_witty_astoria_7_feral_outdoor_cats_missing_tnr.php

Feral cats poisoned in Ind - http://www.14news.com/story/25813737/feral-cats-found-dead-in-posey-county

Feral Cats in Florida - www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/cats/pdf/feralcatsinFL.pdf
Feral Cats in Florida - http://veterinarynews.dvm360.com/dvm/Veterinary+news/Failed-TNR-legislation-in-Fla-prompts-tense-debate/ArticleStandard/Article/detail/813071

Feral Cat Colonies in Florida - www.wildlife.org/documents/policy/Feral.Cat.Colonies.Florida.Hatley.pdf

Feral cats: TNR proposal draws hisses - www.metronews.ca/news/toronto/755265/feral-cats-torontos-trap-neuter-return-policy-draws-hisses/

Feral Cat Management: Perceptions and Preferences (A Case Study) - http://scholarworks.sjsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7714&context=etd_theses

Feral cats, nuisance and health menace, www.crawfordcountyavalanche.com/articles/2014/02/07/letters_to_the_editor/doc52f258e201788626050783.txt

Feral cats or human health? - http://tbo.com/list/news-opinion-commentary/ensuring-a-safer-future-for--the-furry-feathered-and-us-b82483770z1

Feral Cats, Sante Fe residents debate on whether it is more humane to sterilize or euthanize - http://www.abqjournal.com/353044/news/santa-fe-continues-debate-on-whether-it-is-more-humane-to-sterilize-or-euthanize-feral-cats.html

Feral cats, TNR rejected by city council  in Los Cruces, NM - http://www.lcsun-news.com/las_cruces-news/ci_25516964/feral-cat-measure-rejected-by-las-cruces-council

feral cats will be trapped a permanently removed in Florham, NJ - http://newjerseyhills.com/florham_park_eagle/news/florham-park-officials-feral-cats-must-go/article_2c5ebdfe-ed0e-11e3-b3ff-0019bb2963f4.html

Feral Cats being removed from hospital grounds - http://www.dnainfo.com/new-york/20140522/forest-hills/feral-cats-being-removed-from-forest-hills-hospital-grounds

Fighting back against feral cats, Australia - http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/bushtelegraph/feral-cats/5494418

First step toward hoarding: feeding many strays - www.dispatch.com/content/stories/local/2011/11/20/first-step-toward-hoarding-feeding-many-strays.html

Free roaming cats, should you be ashamed of owning an outdoor cat? - https://www.tytnetwork.com/2014/04/06/ashamed-outdoor-cat/

Georgia ornithological society misson statement -www.gos.org/orginfo/gos-cats.htm

Global invasive species database, cat (domestic)- www.invasive.org/browse/subinfo.cfm?sub=3877

Grant may help - www.ledger-enquirer.com/2013/06/02/2528601/ledger-inquirer-grant-may-help.html
Hawaii, Direct Evidence of Feral Cats in Hawaii Killing Endangered Hawaiian Petrel
- www.abcbirds.org/newsandreports/releases/130417a.html

Impact of free-ranging domestic cats on wildlife of the U.S.  (Loss)-  www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/cats/pdf/Loss_et_al_2013.pdf

Indoor Cats vs Outdoor Cats - http://fixit-foundation.org/articles/indoor-vs-outdoor-cats/?gclid=CLjv0NTwnr0CFTMV7AodfREAvg

Kitty cameras reveal the real picture - http://www.3news.co.nz/Cat-cameras-reveal-surprising-results/tabid/817/articleID/340252/Default.aspx

Killer Cats - http://strangebehaviors.wordpress.com/2014/03/28/the-unnatural-world-of-killer-house-cats/

Kitties Attack Video - www.abcnews.go.com/2020/video/kitties-attack-17188507

Kitty Cam Video, UGA - www.kittycams.uga.edu/

Kitty is Killing the Dolphins - http://news.msn.com/science-technology/deadly-cat-feces-killing-thousands-of-marine-mammals

Landowners and cat predation, www.archive.csis.msu.edu/Publications/Landowners_and_cat_predation.pdf

Levy, Levine, and Clark on Levy's tnr study: 22 yrs to reduce 60 cat colony to 5 is not success - http://nymag.com/news/features/cats-and-birds-2013-6/index2.html

Lies and Deceptions of Alley Cat Allies - www.melissaasmith.hubpages.com/hub/ally-cat-al-lies
Living next door to feral cats -
www.bradenton.com/2014/01/01/4914470/fur-flies-in-cat-spat-at-manatees.html  

Los Angeles 2010 - councilor and chair of the public safety commission, opposes changing cat laws and TNR, reasons and documentation - http://clkrep.lacity.org/onlinedocs/2010/10-0982_misc_11-10-10.pdf

Mandatory Spay-and-Neuter Ordinances, PETA - www.peta.org/issues/companion-animal-issues/overpopulation/spay-neuter/model-spay-neuter-ordinances/
No-Kill’ Label Slowly Killing Animals, Peta - www.peta.org/issues/companion-animal-issues/animal-shelters/kill-label-slowly-killing-animals/

No Kill Shelters: Are No Kill Shelters Truly Humane, A Fate Worse Than Death - http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/a-fate-worse-than-death-are-no-kill-shelters-truly-humane-72458247.html

No kill Success Stories are Fake, an indepth exposure with statistics - http://delawarecapa.blogspot.com/

No Kill consequences: Underground rescue groups cause animal suffering -
http://www.wpbf.com/news/animal-care-and-control-officials-seeing-increase-in-underground-rescue-groups/25607624?tru=OBOZg#ixzz2zirnf4ku

No Kill animal shelters, inhumane treatment of dogs and cats -

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2014/05/no_kill_animal_shelters_and_peta_what_is_the_most_humane_way_to_treat_stray.html

Not Just Sparrows and Pigeons - http://blog.allaboutbirds.org/2014/04/29/not-just-sparrows-and-pigeons-cities-harbor-20-percent-of-worlds-bird-species/?utm_source=Cornell+Lab+eNews&utm_campaign=1765a5545d-Cornell_Lab_eNews_2014_5_08&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_47588b5758-1765a5545d-278007513

Problems with Trap-Neuter-Return - http://www.nyshumane.org/articles/problemsTNR.htm
Oconee, S.C. woman exposed to rabies from cat (link expired but was available here) -
http://www.greenvilleonline.com/article/20140103/NEWS/301030034/Oconee-woman-exposed-rabies-from-cat-authorities-say?gcheck=1

Oocysts at the human-animal-environment interface - www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3779781/pdf/nihms507392.pdf

Outdoors is no place for cats - www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/cats/materials/hazards.pdf

Outdoor cats or conservation - www.issuu.com/the-wildlife-professional/docs/feralcats

Polarizing opinions from the front lines - www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0044616#pone.0044616-Coleman1
Public Health Issues - http://www.hahf.org/awake/public-health-issues/

Public policy toward management of feral cats - www.law.unh.edu/assets/images/uploads/publications/pierce-law-review-vol02-no2-gorman-levy.pdf
Pompano rejects TNR - http://blogs.browardpalmbeach.com/pulp/2013/07/pompano_beach_feral_cat_law_florida.php

Problems with TNR - www.nyshumane.org/articles/problemsTNR.htm
Public perceptions of cats, polarized views 9-1-12 - http://nwaaudubon.tripod.com/webonmediacontents/PublicPerceptions_DomesticCats_study.pdf

Rabid Cat, Jasper, Fla, 2/13/14 - http://www.suwanneedemocrat.com/local/x1783669529/Rabies-alert-for-Hamilton-County

Rabid Cat in NC county, www.whiteville.com/news/county-s-first-rabies-case-reported/article_c7f320a4-876d-11e3-b551-0019bb2963f4.html - link not presently active.        

Description: "A cat that was dropped off and given a home in China Grove has tested positive for rabies, making it the first case of 2014 in the county."

Rabid cat, Lincoln, RI  tests positive for rabies - http://www.turnto10.com/story/25343950/cat-found-in-lincoln-tests-positive-for-rabies

Rabid Cat Exposes Woman in  Fountain Inn, S.C. - http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/23893251/woman-exposed-to-rabies-by-cat-in-fountain-inn

Rabid Cat in Philadelphia - http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2013/12/23/cat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-camden-county/

Rabid Cat in Arkansas - http://www.areawidenews.com/story/2046280.html

Rabid Cat Bites Woman in Texas - http://hillsbororeporter.com/rabies-case-reported-in-mount-calm-p17289-54.htm

Rabid Cat Tests Positive in Frederick, Md. - http://www.your4state.com/story/cat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-frederick/d/story/1xaqkr0MrEmb3kwluD4M4Q

Rabies and cats -  Http://joomla.wildlife.org/documents/cats_rabies.pdf

Rabies, Cats, and TNR -  www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23859607

Rabies, Delaware - http://capegazette.villagesoup.com/p/officials-warn-about-rabid-fox-in-milton/1194482

Rabid cat exposes human in Colorado - http://www.holyokeenterprise.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9135%3Arabid-cat-found-in-yuma-county-human-

Rabid cat, Yuma County, Colorado - http://www.yumapioneer.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6060&Itemid=39

Rabid indoor/outdoor cat  bites Colorado woman, who has to endure rabies vaccinations - http://www.holyokeenterprise.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9135%3Arabid-cat-found-in-yuma-county-human-

Rabies, Feral Cats, Philadelphia - http://philadelphia.cbslocal.com/2013/12/23/cat-tests-positive-for-rabies-in-camden-county/

Rabies tracking site, national, updates periodically: https://naturalunseenhazards.wordpress.com/tag/feral-cats/
Rabid cat bites two Georgia residents - www.wrcbtv.com/story/24343057/rabid-stray-cat-bites-two-murray-co-residents
Rabid Cat Near Manchester - http://www.carrollcountytimes.com/advocate_of_hampstead/news/rabid-cat-found-outside-manchester-a-reminder-to-stay-safe/article_99341c7b-5f7d-5e30-9df8-2127321af5bb.html

Rabies Prevention and Management of Cats in TNR - www.researchgate.net/publication/249965373_

Rabies Prevention and Management of Cats under TNR - www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23859607

Resolution - www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/cats/pdf/Resolution.PDF

Retaliation by TNR advocates, www.online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB1034285289400492436

Savannah, Business Owners Harrassed in struggle over feral cats - http://savannahnow.com/news/2014-04-07/savannah-business-owners-harassed-tussle-over-feral-cats#.U0leSKLDW7x

Save A Pet Guide, Animal control, Columbus, Ga, - www.columbusga.org/PublicWorks/Animal_Control/pdfs/acc.pdf

TENVAC program replaces TNR near Hilton Head - http://www.islandpacket.com/2014/04/30/3087001/peppers-porch-feral-cats-find.html

TENVAC Method fixes Wrangell, Ak's feral cat problem - http://www.kstk.org/2014/04/28/st-frances-fixes-wrangells-feral-cat-problem/

TNR rejected in Las Cruces, NM - http://www.lcsun-news.com/las_cruces-news/ci_25516964/feral-cat-measure-rejected-by-las-cruces-council

TNR - sterilization doesn't  stop suffering - http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/20140429/making-sure-feral-cats-cant-reproduce-isnt-enough-stop-suffering

TNR subjects cat to suffering, Shelter Abandons Domestic cat - www.stltoday.com/lifestyles/pets/dr-fox/frustration-for-domestic-cat-s-caregiver/article_7f2ba0fe-6abd-55e1-9e64-9fd314615fff.html

TNR in Sacramento, Effects on human health, wildlife, cats - http://www.capradio.org/articles/2014/04/16/sacramento-river-cats-troubling-to-wildlife,-human-health/

TNR is not a humane or effective solution for feral cats - www.tnrrealitycheck.com/studies.asp

TNR Utterly Ignores Science, Fred Grimm, Miami Herald - http://www.miamiherald.com/2014/03/08/3983391_fred-grimm-miami-dades-trap-neuter.html

TNR: exposure of failed longterm TNR programs, Bad for cats, Disaster  for Birds (video)  - http://youtu.be/kejgi3p6-9E

TNR: the wrong way to deal with Denver's feral cat population - http://www.denverpost.com/caldwell/ci_25974137/wrong-way-deal-denvers-feral-cat-population

Toxoplasmosis in cats - http://joomla.wildlife.org/documents/cats_toxo.pdf

Toxoplasmosis kills human baby (see commentary at bottom of page) - http://www.pennlive.com/opinion/2014/05/trap_and_neuter_doesnt_do_much.html
Toxoplasmosis: CDC says 60 million people affected in US by toxo, source is cat feces -  http://www.cbsnews.com/news/parasites-causing-infections-in-the-us-cdc-says/

Toxoplasmosis in free ranging endangers corvids, Hawaii - http://www.nwhc.usgs.gov/hfs/Globals/Products/Toxoplasmosis%20in%20alala.pdf

Toxoplasmosis in marine mammals - http://www.marineland.net/images/pdfs/Bossart%20Emerging%20Dis.pdf

Toxoplasmosis Found in Beluga Whales - http://www.ubc.ca/

Living with Toxoplasmosis (video)  - http://halo.org.nz/living-toxoplasmosis/

Tuberculosis in Cats - http://www.icatcare.org/advice/cat-health/mycobacterial-diseases-cats-tuberculosis

Tuberculosis from Cats Infects 4 People in England -    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2590699/Two-British-people-contract-tuberculosis-contact-cat-recorded-cases-cat-human-transmission.html

Tuberculosis in Cats - http://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/174/13/326.2.full

Tuberculosis, first cases of humans catching TB from cats - http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/29/health/first-cases-documented-of-tb-caught-from-cats.html?_r=2

Unnatural World of Killer House Cats - http://strangebehaviors.wordpress.com/2014/03/28/the-unnatural-world-of-killer-house-cats/

U.S. Army, Dept of Defense, managment of stray animals on military installations -  www.afpmb.org/sites/default/files/pubs/techguides/tg37.pdf

U.S. Navy and feral cats, www.sptimes.com/News/062501/State/Feline_feedings_infur.shtml

U.S. Navy policy on feral cats, www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/cats/pdf/navypolicy.pdf

Veterinarian's Suicide - http://riverdalepress.com/stories/Local-vets-suicide-shocks-and-saddens-neighbors,53885?page=1&

Videos -www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/cats/PSAs.html

Video: Woman miscarries 3 times in 1 year from toxo caught from feral cats - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjJ8WAMpVdw

What conservation biologists can do to counter tnr - www.abcbirds.org/abcprograms/policy/cats/pdf/Lepczyk-2010-Conservation%20Biology.pdf 

When less than One Percent of the Population Manipulates Everyone Else -  http://www.flyrodreel.com/blogs/tedwilliams/2014/february/feral-cat-problem#comment-36237

Reference Library

  • Works Cited and Other Links
  • Comments Worth Remembering
  • About the Site Author
  • Marcy Britton's Law Suit Against the City of Albuquerque(Updated 5/1/14)

TNR FactCheck.org

The Feral Cat Program

Columbus, Georgia

If TNR is as effective as proponents claim it is
why am I not an ardent supporter?
The answer is.....IT ISN'T.
5 week old infant with rare coloration, wasted by a well fed cat. Had she lived, she may have passed her unique genes to subsequent generations, founding a new coloration in the pelts of Sciurus carolinensis seen only in Columbus.
The Damage Done
 Memories frozen in time
of trying to heal 
ripped bellies, intestines hanging,
torn necks, ears dangling,
red blood oozing,
punctured eyes not to see again;
some infants, vulnerable, defenseless,
no way to fight the cat,

can only scream to mama to come
and she is powerless;
suffering as I watch them suffer and,
often losing the battle,
feel cool dirt in my fingers
as I fold them into the earth,
glad their suffering is over,
although mine is not,
and will not be,
unless I push away,

but I can't do that.
Who would stand for them if I didn't?

Otter Creek Audubon Society
Conservation Program
Georgia Ornithological Society
Geos Institute
Golden Eagle Audubon Society
Grand Valley Audubon Society
Great South Bay Audubon Society
Greater Ozarks Audubon Society
Greater Wyoming Valley
Audubon Society
High Country Audubon Society
Hilton Pond Cntr for Piedmont
National History
Hope Valley Audubon Society
Houston Audubon
Howard County Bird Club
Hoy Audubon Society
Huntington-Oyster Bay Audubon Society
Idaho Conservation League
Illinois Audubon Society
Illinois Ornithological Society
Ivy Creek Natural Area
John Burroughs Natural History Society
Juniata Valley Audubon Society
 Kalmiopsis Audubon Society
 Kansas Wildlife Federation
Kerncrest Audubon Society
Huntington-Oyster Bay Audubon Society
Idaho Conservation League
llinois Audubon Society
Illinois Ornithological Society
Ivy Creek Natural Area
John Burroughs Natira; History Society
Juniata Valley Audubon Society
Kalmiopsis Audubon Society
Kansas Wildlife Federation
Kerncrest Audubon Society
Kettle Range Conservation Group
Kissimmee Valley Audubon Society
Klamath Forest Alliance
Lab of Avian Biology –
University of Maine
Lahontan Audubon Society
Lake County Audubon Society
Lake-Cook Audubon
Lane County Audubon
Lehigh Valley Audubon Society
Lindsay Wildlife Museum
Los Angeles Audubon Society
Madison Audubon Society
Freedom Center for Wildlife Inc.
Friends of Atascadero Wetlands
Friends of Beautiful Pendleton County
Friends of Dyke Marsh
Friends of the Kalmiopsis
Friends Tampa Bay Natlonal
Wildlife Refuges

Madrone Audubon Society

How many organizations do you know that support TNR? 

What are their credentials?  What is their agenda?

What science supports them?

Partial List of Organizations That Oppose TNR:

Because of the high degree of suffering that TNR produces, both in domestic and wildlife populations, NYSHA cannot support this method of feral cat population control, except in rare supervised instances in which colonies are safe from environmental extremes, human cruelty, and vehicular deaths, and in which the care giver staff is long-term and reliable. Dr. Julie Levy´s much-studied colony at the University of Florida´s Veterinary School is one such special case. Such places cannot exist in the northeast, unless the animals are permanently sheltered and afforded veterinary care when necessary. www.nyshumane.org/articles/problemsTNR.htm

Reference Library page

Oconee Rivers Audubon Society
Ohlone Audubon Society
Sequoia Audubon Society
Shadow Oaks Wildlife Care
Skagit Audubon Society
Soda Mountain Wilderness Council
SoHo Dogs Inc
Songbird Care and Education Center
South Bend-Elkhart Audubon Society
South Florida Audubon Society
Southeastern Arizona Bird Observatory
Southern Adirondack Audubon Society
Southwestern New Mexico Audubon Society
St. Louis Audubon Society
St. Lucie Audubon Society
Stockbridge Audubon Society
Tampa Audubon Society
Tennessee Chapter of Sierra Club
Tennessee Ornithological Society
The Biodiversity Group
The Institute for Bird Populations
The Nature Conservancy -
Kentucky Field Office
The Rural Alliance
The Trumpeter Swan Society
The Wildlife Center of Virginia
Tippecanoe Audubon Society
Virginia Beach SPCA Wildlife Program
Virginia Bluebird Society
Virginia Society of Ornithology
Wabash Valley Audubon Society
Warioto Audubon Society
Weeden Foundation      
Western Nebraska
Resources Council
Whitescarver Natural Resources
Management
Wild Utah Project
Wildbird Recovery
Wildlife  Care Alliance
Wildlife Care Association
Wildlife Center of Silicon Valley
Wildlife Emergency Services
Wildlife Rehabilitation and Release
Wildlife Research and Consulting
Will County Audubon Society
Winnebago Audubon  Society
Wisconsin Audubon Council Council
Wisconsin Society for Ornithology
World Safaris/Safari Professionals
Wyncote Audubon Society
Yellowstone to Uintas Connection
Yellowstone Valley Audubon Society
York Audubon Society
Yosemite Area Audubon  Society
Youth Environmental Alliance
Zumbro Valley Audubon Society

Accipiter Enterprises, Educational  
Birds of Prey
Alaska Wild Animal Recovery Effort Inc.
Allamakee County Protectors
Allegheny Highlands Alliance
Alliance for the Wild Rockies
American Bird Conservancy
American Birding Association
American River Parkway Foundation
Anne Arundel Bird Club
Audubon Minnesota
Audubon Naturalist Society
Audubon Society of Kalamazoo
Audubon Society of New Hampshire
Audubon Society of Northern Virginia
Audubon Society of Rhode Island
Bexar Audubon Society
Bird Ally X
Bird City Wisconsin
Bird Conservation Network
Black River Audubon Society
Black Swamp Bird Observatory
Bridgerland Audubon Society
Central New Mexico Audubon Society
Central Valley Bird Club
Centre Wildlife Care
Chesapeake Audubon Society
Chicago Audubon Society
Chicago Bird Collision Monitors
Chicago Ornithological Society
Citizens Committee to Complete
 the Refuge
Clearwater Audubon Society
Coastal Bend Audubon Society
Coastal Virginia Wildlife Observatory
Colorado Wild Rabbit Foundation
Connecticut Audubon Society
Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Coulee Region Audubon Society
Delmarva Ornithological Society
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife,
Oregon State University
Desert Rivers Audubon Society
Detroit Audubon Society
 Eastern Long Island Audubon Society
Elisha Mitchell Audubon Society
Endangered Habitats League
Environmental Protection
 Information Center (EPIC)
Evergreen Audubon
Five Valleys Audubon Society
Flathead Audubon
Florida Keys Hawkwatch
Florida Wildlife Federation
Foothills Audubon Club
 Georgia Important Bird Areas

On A Wing And A Prayer
Seattle Audubon Society
" Reduced adverse effects on wildlife and rapid colony elimination are almost never included in the definition of success used by [TNR] advocates (e.g., No Kill Advocacy Center 2006a). For many TNR advocates, success is not defined by elimination of feral cats in an area, but rather by the welfare of the cats. For example, one study concluded, “The effectiveness of the program was demonstrated by the low turn over and improved health of the colony over the 3 year period,” but the colony size only decreased from 40 to 36 (Zaunbrecher & Smith 1993). Another study stated that "TNR would produce a “stable, healthy, and manageable colony” (Neville 1983). Similarly, a Florida county implemented TNR to "decrease the number of healthy cats euthanized, decrease the costs  to the county, and decrease complaints” (Hughes et al.2002). In contrast, conservation scientists and wildlife veterinarians measure success of a feral cat management program by the decline and elimination of free-roaming cats (e.g., Jessup 2004; Nogales et al, 2004)".

"Fact: TNR does not typically reduce feral cat populations. One colony in Florida, for example, grew from 920 to 983 cats over a nine-month period—an increase of nearly 7 percent (Centoze and Levy 2002, Winter 2004). Many empirical studies of TNR demonstrate that food provisions attract cat immigration, often of cats deliberately abandoned by owners near feeding areas (Hughes and Slater 2002, Castillo andClarke 2003, Levy et al. 2003). These factors, along with births to unsterilized cats, tend to offset population declines due to sterilization or deaths from accidents or disease (Foley et al. 2005, Nutter 2006, Schmidt et al. 2009).

Fact: Many cats in TNR colonies are not sterilized. A 12-year study of TNR efforts in California and  a six-year study of TNR in Florida indicated ongoing cat population growth. They estimated that 71 to 94 percent of cats would need to be sterilized in order to reduce cat population growth, and noted that actual sterilization rates were much lower than that (Foley et al. 2005)." 

Managing Feral Cats - wildlife professional

A veterinarian's perspective: "Proponents of TNR ignore these facts. They downplay or deny outright the problems with rabies and other diseases. They counter that feral  cats are a natural part of the ecosystem and play an important role in the biologic control of pest species, that the estimation of wildlife killed by cats is grosslyexaggerated, and that conservation groups have more important things to worry about. They have provided nostudies that refute the numbers of wildlife killed. The studies that they do refer to regarding the effectiveness ofTNR are of limited scope, and often contradictory in their findings. All of these studies openly admit that TNR willnot be effective at eliminating feral cat populations." Dr. Brian Monk, DVM  www.blog.aba.org/2013/03/open-mic-addressing-the-feral-cat-issue.html

The Site Author

I first heard about the feral cat TNR (Trap-Neuter-Release) program in Columbus after it was initiated and the ordinance protecting it was passed.  I did not even know what a TNR program was, but suddenly it was in my face and I was compelled to know what it meant.  I turned to the internet and instantly struck a wealth of information. I selected scientific studies over anecdote and came to understand how devastating TNR programs are in action,  who benefits, who is hurt, and how TNR can be used by special interest groups to manipulate people in city governments into implementing programs supporters favor. With an open mind, I also read information that favored TNR, although very soon I saw how much credible information exists opposing TNR and how little there is supporting it.

My next step was to read the city ordinance protecting the program;  I was stunned by the prejudicial content, how it redefines feral cats, exempts caretakers from the responsibilities and consequences of ownership, a privilege denied to other citizens, and gave administration of the program to a non profit group whose records are sealed from public scrutiny and that has questionable affiliations.  Once I had a knowledge base, I contacted  people in the fields of human and animal health, environment, and wildlife, agents in the Georgia Georgia Department of Natural Resources, veterinarians and veterinary journals, as well as national groups and individuals on the forefront of resisting TNR programs. I consulted US government studies and documents about wildlife and animal health, read media articles and position papers. I compared the emotionally charged, amateurish, and prejudicial language in the ordinance passed here with the objective language in ordinances written in other cities. The comparisons drove home to me that the Columbus program is not a genuine effort or intent to reduce citywide populations of feral cats. It is a maintenance program for feral cats and a way for the city to reduce euthanasia statistics.

I spent many hours reading and analyzing the minutes of city council and animal control Advisory Board meetings and watching council videos, as well as talking with people in the community who could and would answer questions about how the program was presented and implemented in Columbus, and by whom. On December 5, I met with the Chief of Animal Control with a long list of questions about the program; I watched her tell some lies, cite misinformation, and avoid answering some of my questions. It appears she realized I was not there to approve and applaud, but to question how, what, when, and why. Starting the next day and continuing on, she, other city officials, and TNR advocates active in installing the TNR program, disappeared behind voice and email, ignoring my attempts to contact them. I submitted a Georgia  OIA to the city asking for city documents, notes, and meetings at which TNR was discussed or planned, material that I could not access any other way.  After ignoring two of my three requests, but not until after I threatened to register a complaint with the state Attorney General's office, a city attorney responded: she referred me to the internet and complained about how much I wanted. Finally, with personal questions answered and knowing where I stood, and spurred by city silence, I merged with the national resistance, a resistance dedicated to giving the public the science about TNR and exposing the private agendas, lies, distortions, and misinformation of its supporters.

On top of this framework of self education, I overlaid my twenty three years of experience as a licensed wildlife rehabilitator, which supports what I learned from the literature,  and  prevents anyone from fooling me with irrational claims about TNR, the predatory behavior of feral and roaming cats, and the unchecked slaughter of wild birds and mammals by free roaming and feral cats.

Occasionally you will hear my voice and feel my intensity leak around the words as I describe some especially egregious, self gratifying, and irrational claims and acts perpetrated by TNR supporters, government employees and officials involved in the program, and as I reveal the TNR program in Columbus.   A Citizen Journalist

“The ecological dangers [of feral and free roaming cats] are so critical that the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) now lists domestic cats as one of the world’s worst non-native invasive species. Inthe U.S., free-roaming domestic cats kill an estimated 1.4-3.7 billion birds and 6.9-20.7 billion mammals. The sheer quantity of cat-caused mortality is staggering. For perspective, consider that 1.4 billion is equivalent to the entire human population of China, the most populous country in the world.” - abcbirds.org

“Many people may not want to see feral cats euthanized, but that does not mean they want cat colonies next to their homes and places of business. Municipalities should require cat licensing, rabies vaccinations, and pass ordinances that prohibit cats from free roaming and prohibit people from feeding feral cats. Colonies should never be maintained on public or municipal land. Managed colonies should be treated as a zoning or land use issue. If TNR is permitted, that should be on private property and the cats should be enclosed to prevent them from roaming. Public health and welfare must be the priority.”  TNRrealitycheck.com

TNRFactCheck.org

 published March, 2014      original text and drawings copyright Feb. 2014      TNRFactCheck.org

Pamela Jo Hatley Professional  Assoc.
Peregrine Audubon Society
Pomona Valley Audubon Society
Progressive Democrats, Sonoma County
Queens County Bird Club Inc.
Quick ReferencePublishing
Rainforest Biodiversity Group
Ralph T. Waterman Bird Club
Redbud Avian Rehabilitation  Center
Redwood Region Audubon Society
Robert Cooper Audubon Society
Sacramento Audubon Society
Salem Audubon Society
San Diego Audubon Society
San Francisco Bay Joint Venture
non-federal partners
Sangre de Cristo Audubon Society
Santa Barbara Audubon Society
Santa Clara Valley Audubon Society
Sassafras Audubon Society
Save Our Allegheny Ridges
Save Our Cabinets
Saving Birds Thru Habitat
Magic Manistee Audubon
Maricopa Audubon Society
Maryland Ornithological Society
Maryland/Delaware Chapter o
The Wildlife Society
Mid-Coast Audubon Society
Minnesota Chapter of
The Wildlife Society
Minnesota Herpetological Society
Minnesota River Valley
Audubon Chapter
Monmouth County
Audubon Society
Montana Audubon
Montana Falconers Association
Montana Fish, Wildlife,
and Parks
Montgomery Friends of
Open SpaceMt.
Diablo Audubon Society
Native Songbird Care
and Conservation
Natural History Museum of
Los Angeles County
New Hampshire Audubon
New Jersey Association of
Wildlife Rehab
New Jersey Audubon
New York City Audubon Society
New York State Wildlife
 Rehabilitation Council
North Carolina Chapter of
The Wildlife Society
North Dakota Birding Society
Northern Flint Hills Audubon Society

Marcy Britton's Lawsuit against the City of Albuquerque, NM, and supporting documents.

Click the name of each file to open that document in pdf format


Litigation Field Report 5/1/14           Writ         Alternative Writ             Incident Report               ABC Position Statement             AVMA Resolution

Albuquerque Vet           Audubon Resolution        NM Game and Fish            PETA to Police Chief       PETA to Mayor    Urban Wildlands

Virginia Statement         Wildlife Society          WinRock Villas           Activist Sues City           Animal Activist             Animal Cruelty

Back Into the Wild        City Faces Suit             Kids and Rabies         Watch Dogs

A cat, which has an owner who  allows the cat outdoors,  broke this chipmonk's back. The Chip was delivered to me in a box near death, yet he still struggled, with the last measure of his will, to drag himself around the box by his front legs seeking escape.

TNR: Bad for cats, Disaster  for Birds, and the failures of  longterm TNR programs.